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Apple Flags Apps That Record Screens Without User Consent

“Imagine what you could do with the insight you would get from being able to follow every customer around your store,” a Glassbox white paper reads, “knowing not only what they bought, but also the exact route around the aisles they took, what they stopped to look at and for how long, what they picked up and put down again, etc.”

Glassbox has contracts with major U.S. banking companies, including Bank of America and Wells Fargo, according to its site, in addition to major retailers and travel sites like Abercrombie & Fitch,, Air Canada, and Singapore Airlines. Because of their size, a single banking customer can generate as many as 3 billion recorded sessions per month, Glassbox’s Marketing VP, Audelia Boker, claims in a promotional video. Other analytics firms using session replays include Appsee, Fullstory, and UXCam. After a 2017 Wired report, Walgreens promised to end its contracts with Fullstory.

Glassbox CEO Yaron Morgenstern explained over the phone that session replays can, in addition to offering consumer insight, identify difficult-to-spot problems in apps.

“We’re using machine-learning capabilities that looks at abnormal activity so they can identify where something is wrong,” Morgenstern said. “A system process or [user’s behavior] is not behaving as expected and based on that, we identify struggles. What we do is we help our customers to find those struggles.”

Morgenstern discussed the example of an application form in a banking mobile app. The bank may notice, for example, that customers get to page eight of a 12-page application, then suddenly stop. Or, conversely, that page eight takes the longest to fill out. Glassbox could flag this for the bank and view a “session replay” to find the issue: an undiscovered software bug or poorly worded question.

“It’s not only that we know that at some point or on some page or some area within the app customers are failing, we actually point them to the reason the customers were struggling: a problem with the app, something with the way the application was designed, a problem with the query or UX, etc. All this is embedded within our … machine-learning capabilities, which point to the very specific elements that cause the struggles.”

Glassbox uses machine-learning analysis and real-time session replays to suggest changes to its customers and improve apps. These suggestions aren’t only useful for solving user-experience problems, but can also be exploited to calibrate site layouts so customers spend more time and money while using the app. The industry term for this is “journey management,” maximizing revenue by analyzing how customers make their way through the app. This is better known as the “nudge,” and it’s a very old concept. A grocery store may “nudge” shopper behavior by rearranging its store so healthier foods are prominently displayed in the front, while snacks and junk food are further toward the back. It isn’t a regulatory change or even a direct announcement, but still affects consumer behavior.

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